this, siddhartha believed, was achieved by a practitioner of the middle way, who renounced all worldly desires in order to lead a life of spiritual development. these beliefs were widespread in india in siddhartha gautamaparents time. his father was well known as a saint, and his mother was known as a noble lady. both parents were wealthy, which encouraged siddhartha to follow the teachings of the middle way and to acquire wealth for himself. he did so, and was able to use his wealth and religious positions to spread the teachings of the middle way. he became known as the "awakened one".
siddhartha gautama's main work was the dhammapada (literally, "the path of virtue"). it contains the pancharatras, which are a collection of sermons, exhortations, and discourses attributed to buddha. the dhammapada was also the basis for what later became known as the pali canon. the dhammapada was written in the language of that time. it was written down in pali, an ancient language from northern india, in the first century ce. siddhartha gautama is one of the earliest recorded persons in human history, living some time between the 6th and 4th centuries bce. at the time, the ancient indian city of kapilavastu was the capital of the kingdom of magadha.
siddhartha wandered the land for seven years, relying on whatever he found to survive. but then he met a group of wandering monks who, like him, had set out from his homeland to find a way to end the universal suffering.
as siddhartha listened to them, he was able to see the truth in their teachings, and he decided to return to his kingdom to teach the way to eliminate the suffering he had discovered. and so, at age 35, siddhartha renounced his kingdom and returned to his hometown, where he spent the next forty-five years, first as a wandering monk, then as a teacher, and eventually as the founder of the first buddhist monastery. 3d9ccd7d82